domingo, 9 de enero de 2011

Uruguay * Press freedom * Human Rights

Uruguay * Press freedom * Human Rights
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(Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay, pronounced , is a country located in the southeastern part of South America. It is home to some 3.3 million people,[7] of whom 1.1 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area. An estimated 88% of the population are of European descent.[8]
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Uruguay's only land border is with Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, to the north. To the west lies the Uruguay River, to the southwest lies the estuary of Río de la Plata, with Argentina only a short commute across the banks of either of these bodies of water, while to the southeast lies the South Atlantic Ocean. Uruguay is the second smallest country in South America, being larger than only Suriname.
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Colonia del Sacramento, one of Uruguay's oldest European settlements, was founded by the Portuguese in 1680. Montevideo was founded by the Spanish in the early 18th century as a military stronghold. Uruguay won its independence in 1825–1828 following a three-way struggle among Spain, Argentina and Brazil. It is a constitutional democracy, where the president fulfills the roles of both head of state and head of government.
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The economy is largely based on agriculture (making up 10% of GDP and the most substantial export) and the state sector. According to Transparency International, Uruguay is rated as the least corrupt country in Latin America (along with Chile),[9] with its political and labor conditions being among the freest on the continent.[7]
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Uruguay is one of the most economically developed countries in South America, with a high GDP per capita and the 47th highest quality of life in the world.

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